February 2021 - Groth & Associates
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February 2021

child support in Ohio

What Does Child Support Cover in Ohio?

By | Child Support, Divorce, Family Law, Ohio, Toledo | No Comments

Parents are legally obligated to support their children, and this obligation continues even if a parent doesn’t live with the child. After most divorces in Ohio, one parent will have primary custody of the child, and the other will pay child support. The same is true if the parents never married.

Child support covers many different things. Our Toledo divorce lawyer looks at some of the more important below.

Basic Necessities

Children need food, clothes, electricity, clean water, transportation, and other basic necessities. Child support money goes to these things.

Of course, when calculating the amount of child support owed, a judge is not interested in looking at receipts that show how much a parent spends for these necessities. Instead, a judge basically looks at each parent’s income and the amount of time they have with the children to arrive at a number. This number represents the basic child support obligation.

Child Care

The custodial parent might work, so he or she needs to pay for childcare. These expenses are not included in the basic support obligation. Instead, the child support worksheet requires information about whether either parent has out-of-pocket child care expenses. If your three-year-old goes to daycare, for example, then this is an expense a child support order can cover.

Health Insurance

One parent should provide health insurance to a child. For example, Dad might be the custodial parent, but Mom has health insurance through her job. In this example, a judge might order Mom to carry her daughter on her policy, even if she does not have primary custody.

If neither parent has health insurance through a job, then the judge might divide the costs of getting a private health insurance policy. Low-income children might also qualify for Medicaid.

Medical Expenses

Even with health insurance, children often have medical expenses that one parent must pay out-of-pocket. These expenses can include physician, optical, dental, and psychological services. Medical expenses also include orthodontic work.

In Ohio, child support orders should contain cash medical support. This is the amount of money that Parent A pays to Parent B each year and represents a fund that Parent B draws on to pay medical expenses.

Of course, expenses might exceed this amount. For example, parent A might pay Parent B $400 a year for medical expenses. If the child has $1,000 of expenses, then $600 is not covered.

These uncovered expenses are called “extraordinary medical expenses,” and the child support order should identify how they will be paid. The order might assign all extraordinary medical expenses to one parent or divide them on a percentage basis. As an example, the order might state Parent A must cover 80% of all extraordinary medical expenses, and Parent B must chip in 20%.

Contact Our Child Support Lawyer for More Details

Child support is one of the more confusing aspects of a divorce. We encourage all parents to fully understand their child support order and do what is right for their children. For assistance, contact Groth & Associates today for a free consultation.

injured arm in cast

What is Considered a Serious Bodily Injury?

By | Ohio, Personal Injury, Toledo | No Comments

Accidents like car wrecks and slip and falls cause many different types of injuries to victims. Some injuries are relatively minor, and a victim should heal within a matter of weeks. But other bodily injuries are serious, and our clients deserve substantial compensation to assist them.

Serious bodily injuries cause our clients to miss out on school or work because the pain or bodily limitation is too much to overcome. Below, our Toledo personal injury lawyer looks at some common features of serious bodily injuries.

Temporary or Permanent Impairment

Any injury that impairs a person’s capacity to move or feel sensation is a serious bodily injury. A person with a serious bodily injury cannot take care of themselves or return to work. They might even become helpless and need someone’s assistance bathing, eating, and cleaning up.

Bodily injuries that cause impairment include:

  • Back injuries
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Fractures, particularly on the leg or ribs
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Amputations

Impairments can be permanent, or they might improve with sufficient rest and rehabilitation. For example, leg fractures can make it impossible to walk for so long that a person needs rehab to reverse muscle atrophy. Someone who loses a limb, however, has suffered a permanent loss.


Bodily injuries that require surgery are serious. Someone with fractures might need a pin, screw, or plate inserted to hold bone fragments together so they can heal. Other surgeries are necessary to stop bleeding or fix damaged tissue or organs.

Surgery is a serious undertaking, and complications are common. Minor injuries rarely, if ever, require surgery, so being wheeled into the operating room is a sign that your injury is significant.

Acute Pain

Any bodily injury that causes sharp, intense pain is serious. When suffering from pain, a person cannot move or go about their daily business with ease. Pain typically impairs sleep and can lead to depression or other emotional problems.

Even if a person can take painkillers, pain is still a serious injury. Painkillers, such as opioids, often cloud a person’s thinking and alter their mood. Coming off painkillers is also difficult.

There are many sources of pain, including fractures, compressed nerves, and soft-tissue injuries. Sometimes, the pain has no obvious source but is still disabling.

Intense Emotional Anguish

Any bodily injury that causes intense emotional distress can qualify as serious. A disfiguring facial injury, for example, might not be physically immobilizing. However, the embarrassment and anxiety it causes could force a person to stay inside and avoid human contact. When a person’s injury requires psychiatric treatment or prescription drugs, then it is serious.


Burn injuries are unique in that all of the above characteristics are present. Someone who suffers a serious burn will experience intense pain and be immobilized as they wait for the burn to heal. However, burns can also lead to contractures and blisters, which limit the range of mobility. Rehabilitation and surgery are common.

Not every burn is serious. If you have a small, shallow burn, it will heal relatively quickly. Second- or third-degree burns, by contrast, often require skin grafts and longer rest times.

Contact Groth & Associates Today

Serious bodily injuries warrant serious compensation. Get the legal help you need by calling our Toledo personal injury lawyers today for a free consultation.


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