Car Accident Archives - Groth & Associates

Car Accident

How to Drive Safely in Snowy or Icy Conditions in Ohio

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As a driver in Ohio, you need to be ready for anything. While winter days can be sunny and bright, snow and ice are also in the forecast this season, too. Whether you’ll be traveling for the holidays, commuting to work, or just running errands, knowing how to safely navigate roads can go a long way in keeping you safe and well. Here are some tips for driving safely in snowy or icy conditions in Ohio. 

Always Take it Slow

The number one tip for driving in snowy and icy conditions is just to slow down. The faster your vehicle is traveling, the greater the risk that it loses traction with the road and you’ll lose control. By slowing down, you reduce your risk of an accident. While you may not arrive at your destination as quickly, knowing that you’ve avoided serious injuries and property damage costs is well worth it.

Prep Your Vehicle Before Heading Out

Another tip for driving in winter weather is to prep your vehicle before heading out. Be sure to top off your fluids, and make sure you have a full tank of gas (in the event that you do slide off the road, having the ability to run your engine to stay warm while you wait for help is important). Of course, make sure that your vehicle has an ice scraper in it, and, depending on your car type and where you’re going, consider upgrading to snow/all-weather tires or at least putting chains on your car. As an extra precaution, pack a first aid kit, some non-perishable food items, water, and a blanket, too.

Don’t Stop; Be Consistent in Acceleration and Braking

Some mistakes that drivers make when trying to navigate snowy and icy roads are stopping too frequently, slamming on the brakes if they start to slip, and being unsure about how much to accelerate, especially when traveling up hills. Here are some tips:

  • Be consistent in the amount of force you apply to your brakes and your gas pedal. Accelerate and decelerate slowly
  • When roads are really bad, try not to stop if you can help it. When you are approaching a light, try to slow down well in advance and wait out the light so that you can keep rolling through, rather than having to stop and start again.
  • Don’t power up hills, but don’t fail to apply enough power, either. If you try to accelerate too quickly, your wheels will spin. The best way to approach a hill is to travel a little bit more quickly as you approach the hill, and then allow inertia to carry you up over the top as you consistently apply power to the gas. 

Increase Your Following Distance

Anytime that road conditions are iffy–whether that means snow and ice or just a lot of traffic–you should increase your following distance. Giving yourself extra space between the vehicle in front of you means that you have time to react if the other car spins out, gets stuck, stops suddenly, etc. 

Call Our Ohio Car Accident Lawyers Today

If you’re in a car accident this winter, our Ohio car accident lawyers at the office of Groth & Associates can help you to file your claim and recover a settlement. Call us today for a free consultation.

How Long Do You Have to Make a Claim After a Car Accident?

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Being in a car accident is a terrifying experience. What’s more, if your injuries are serious, you may be unable to take immediate action to file a claim right after your crash happens; instead, you may be incapacitated for days, weeks, or months. While the best strategy is always to bring forth a claim as soon as possible after a crash if you are unable to, here’s what you should know about how long you have to make a claim after a car accident–

Check Your Insurance Policy

As stated above, it is always within your best interests to bring forth a claim as soon as possible after a crash. And this isn’t just because that’s when evidence is the freshest–it’s also because the insurance company may have rules and regulations in place for how long you have to file a claim before it’s denied. Insurance companies have a right to investigate a claim and, if too much time passes, this right is impeded. It’s important that you review your policy and familiarize yourself with the rules for providing your insurance company with notice.

Know the Statute of Limitations

You’ll need to provide the insurance company with notice of your claim within the required amount of time. However, if you want to file a lawsuit against the at-fault party in Ohio, you’ll likely have a little bit more time. That’s because your right to file a lawsuit is regulated by the state’s statute of limitations, which is found under Ohio Revised Code Section 2305.10. The statute reads that a person who suffers a personal injury–such as injuries sustained in a car accident–has two years from the date of the accident to file a claim for damages. 

If you wait longer than two years to file your lawsuit, then your right to recover is forfeited. Similarly, if you don’t provide the insurance company with notice of your accident within the required time frame (per your policy), then they may have cause to deny your claim. 

How to Protect Your Rights After a Car Accident

As stated earlier, it can be very difficult to take action after a car crash, both because you may be seriously injured and also because you may be emotionally scarred. However, time matters, and there are few exceptions to the limits that exist for making a claim after a car accident. In order to help you meet these time requirements, and to advocate for your right for your full damages amount and assist you in a number of other ways, working with a skilled attorney is strongly recommended. 

Call Groth & Associates Today

If you’ve been in a car crash, our Ohio car accident lawyers can start working on your case immediately. We will investigate your claim, ensure that all parties are notified in a timely manner, gather evidence, build your claim, and negotiate your settlement. To learn more about how we can assist you when you’ve been in a crash, as well as how to ensure that you don’t breach the statute of limitations, please call our legal team today.

Deaths from Car Accidents in Toledo

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Car accidents are a leading cause of death both nationally and locally. To be sure, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that every year throughout the United States, more than 32,000 people are killed, and more than two million are injured, in motor vehicle crashes. Data published by the Ohio State Highway Patrol (OSHP) shows that car accident fatalities are common in Ohio as well, with an average of nearly 1,000 fatal accidents per year over a five-year period.

Car accidents deaths, despite how frequently they occur, are completely preventable. The following considers statistics surrounding motor vehicle deaths in Ohio, and what your options are if you have lost a loved one in a car accident in Toledo.

Ohio Car Accident Statistics You Should Know

The same source cited above provided by the OSHP provides more insight about the number of fatal accidents that have occurred in Ohio over the past five years, including who was involved (i.e. pedestrian vs. motorist), whether or not alcohol impairment was a factor, and whether or not safety precautions–such as the use of a helmet or seatbelt–were taken. Statistics from the most recent year for which data is available, 2016, provide the following information:

  • Number of fatal crashes: 1,054
  • Traffic fatalities that resulted: 1,133
  • Motor vehicle fatalities: 947
  • Unbelted fatalities: 431
  • Non-motorist fatalities: 159
  • Pedestrians killed: 140
  • OVI (operating a vehicle under the influence)-related fatalities: 430
  • Motorcycle fatalities: 200
  • Helmeted deaths: 50
  • Heavy-truck involved fatalities: 93

Finding accurate statistics for the number of car accidents that took place in Toledo is harder. Ohio Traffic Crash Facts, published by the Ohio Department of Public Safety, show that in 2016, there were 35 fatal accidents reported in Lucas County (in which Toledo is located), resulting in 36 fatalities. The only county in the state that saw more fatal accidents than Toledo was Montgomery County, where there were 61 fatalities recorded over the one-year period.  

Car Accident Deaths Are Preventable

One of the saddest and most shocking facts about the number of fatal accidents reported in Toledo and nationally every year is this: car accident deaths are completely preventable. Indeed, if drivers were to pay more attention and exercise a greater duty of care when operating their vehicles, car accidents and related deaths could likely be eliminated entirely.

It is very rare for car accidents to occur as a result of completely preventable and unforeseen acts of nature, such as an animal darting into the road. Instead, acts of human error like speeding, drunk driving, driving aggressively or too fast for conditions, texting while driving, and falling asleep at the wheel are usually to blame. Sometimes, things like road or vehicle defects lead to a crash, but these too are things that could be prevented, and are caused by human errors (i.e. manufacturing errors, failure to repair known dangers on roads, etc.).

A Responsible Party Should Be Held Liable

While it is certainly true that those involved in a car accident rarely cause a crash with intent, it is also fair to say that a driver (or other party) who is responsible for a fatal accident should be held liable for all damages, including of course, the death of the victim involved. Which is why the state of Ohio allows for surviving family members to bring forth a claim against the responsible party, or file a lawsuit to seek damages for their losses. Responsible parties might include:

  • A negligent driver;
  • The manufacturer of a defective vehicle;
  • The party responsible for road maintenance (i.e. municipal government); and
  • A trucking or other commercial vehicle company (if a commercial vehicle was involved).

Surviving family members deserve to seek compensation for the full value of damages that they have suffered as a result of their loved one’s death. This might include compensation for medical bills prior to death, property damage to a vehicle, the value of the deceased’s lost wages, funeral and burial expenses, and noneconomic damages, such as compensation for the value of the loss of services provided by the deceased, guidance and support, consortium, and more.

In the majority of cases, these damages are paid by the liability insurance of the at-fault party. All drivers in the state are required to carry liability insurance to pay for damages that they cause to other parties.

Hiring an Experienced Attorney after a Car Accident Death Is Necessary

The idea of being notified that your loved one, be it a spouse, child, partner, sibling, parent, or other close relative, has been killed in a motor vehicle accident may be painful to even imagine, yet it is a reality that hundreds of people in the state of Ohio have to deal with every single year. For those that lose a family member in a motor vehicle crash, knowing what comes next can feel overwhelming. Planning for a funeral is an emotional and daunting task, and there may be many unanswered questions about who will pay for the funeral, how a family will support themselves now that their sole income earner is gone, and how individuals will cope with the emotional distress that is present when a family member dies.

If you have lost a loved one in a car crash, the last thing that you may be thinking about is calling a lawyer. At the law offices of Groth & Associates, we empathize with you and understand the fear and pain that you are currently experiencing, and understand that filing a claim may not be at the top of your priority list.

We urge you to call an experienced car accident attorney in Toledo with a history of success in deadly motor vehicle collision cases as soon as possible. The sooner that you call an attorney, the earlier that evidence critical to the case can be gathered and preserved. Waiting too long to take action may also result in a breach of the statute of limitations.

You deserve to be compensated after a loved one is killed in a car accident. The best way that you can maximize the amount of compensation is to work with an attorney who knows what they’re doing and isn’t afraid to aggressively fight for your right to your full settlement.

Call Our Law Offices Today

Motor vehicle deaths in Toledo are far too common. Our lawyers are advocates for safer driving, and hope that in time, the city and the state will reach the goal of zero fatalities. If you are someone who has lost a loved one in a car crash, please do not hesitate to call our law offices for a free case review and legal advice. You can also send us a message at your convenience using our intake form, and we will respond to your inquiry as soon as possible. Our lawyers are here to work for you.

What To Do After A Car Accident In Ohio

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No matter how good a driver you are, there is always a risk you will be involved in an accident. Car accidents are simply an everyday fact of life here in Ohio. And even if you are 100 percent certain the accident was not your fault, it is important to remain calm and not angrily confront the other driver. Instead, here is a checklist of items that will help you deal with the immediate aftermath of your accident.

1. Get Medical Attention

Obviously, your first priority is making sure nobody is seriously injured at the accident scene. If you have any reason to think someone is injured, always play it safe and call 911. You should never delay seeking medical treatment for yourself or your passengers.

2. Contact the Police

Even if you do not require medical help, it is still important to call 911 and seek police assistance. Indeed, Ohio law requires all car accidents to be reported. This does not necessarily mean that you suspect any criminal or illegal activity related to the accident (e.g., the other driver was drunk). Rather, the police serve as a neutral party who can take statements from you, the other driver, and any witnesses, and prepare an official report. Insurance companies often want to see such a report before paying any claims.

Always wait for the police. Do not leave the scene until after the police have arrived, taken your statement, and given you permission to go. If you leave the scene prematurely, that may be interpreted as an attempt to “flee” and avoid taking responsibility for the accident.

3. Be Honest, But Don’t Volunteer Information

When you do speak with the police, do not lie or try to cover anything up. If you believe the other driver was at fault or violated traffic laws, you should say so. But do not volunteer any information that might constitute an admission of fault on your part. Along those same lines, do not apologize to the other driver, even if you think you might be partially to blame. Anything you say at the accident scene may be used against you by an insurance company or a defense lawyer in court.

4. Collect as Much Information as You Can

You do not have to stand around passively and wait for the police. At a minimum, you should exchange contact, vehicle, and insurance information with the other driver. You should also gather contact information from any witnesses or bystanders at the scene. Ask them questions about what they saw–but again, do not volunteer any information yourself or acknowledge liability for the accident.

You should also use your smartphone–or a disposable camera, if you have one–to take pictures of the accident scene. Make sure to get clear images of any damage to the vehicles. You should also photograph the area surrounding the accident, including any road signs and street markings. This can prove invaluable in helping to recreate the scene later.

More generally, take note of anything that you think might be useful later. For example, was it raining at the time of the accident? Wet road conditions may definitely be relevant when determining whether the other driver was driving safely under the circumstances.

Finally, make sure you ascertain the ownership and insurance status of any other vehicles involved in your accident. Many times the person driving the car is not the owner. And the owner may still be liable under Ohio law for damages caused by the driver, especially if it is a company-owned vehicle driven by an employee.

5. Contact Your Insurance Company

It is illegal to drive a car in Ohio without having a minimum amount of insurance coverage. You must present proof of insurance to a police officer at an accident scene. And you must contact your own insurance company as soon as possible following an accident, even if you believe the other driver was to blame.

You should only provide basic information about the accident when first speaking to your insurance company. Remember, do not admit liability yourself or get into issues of fault. Depending on the terms of your policy, your insurance company may pay to cover certain damages upfront, such as car repairs and medical bills, which it can then later recover from the negligent driver’s insurer.

6. Keep Records of Everything

Once you have left the accident scene, it is critical to document everything thing you do afterwards. This includes keeping copies of all medical records and bills, car repair quotes, proof of any lost wages due to taking off time from work, and anything else that may illustrate your total damages arising from the accident.

7. Do Not Sign Any Third-Party Documents Related to the Accident

You may be approached by representatives of the other driver’s insurance company–or in some cases, even the other driver–to sign a statement absolving them of liability. You should never sign any such document without first consulting an attorney. Aside from the police report and any statements made to your own insurance company, you should not even speak to any third-party representative without the assistance of counsel.

8. Contact a Toledo Car Accident Lawyer If You Have Any Questions.

Many car accidents are simple “fender benders” that require nothing more than an exchange of insurance information. But if you run into any kind of trouble, either from the other driver or even your own insurance company, do not try to handle the matter alone. An experienced Toledo personal injury lawyer can review your accident and advise you of your legal options.

Speaking with a Toledo car accident lawyer does not mean you plan to sue the other driver. It just means that you want to seek advice from someone who knows how to deal with these types of situations. In particular, you want someone on your side who knows how to negotiate with insurance companies and, if necessary, pursue your legal rights in court.

If you have been in a car accident and require prompt legal assistance, call the offices of Groth & Associates, Attorneys at Law, in Toledo or Bowling Green right away.

Rear-End Car Accidents in Toledo

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Many if not most Ohio drivers have experienced a minor “fender bender” sometime in their lives. In the best case scenario, these types of rear-end car accidents only result in a minor vehicle damage and no personal injuries. Unfortunately, far too many accidents do not represent the best case scenario.

According to figures published by the Ohio Department of Transportation, during the six-year period between 2006 and 2012, there were 318 fatalities and over 8,700 injuries reported in rear-end accidents throughout the state. Although rear-end accidents only account for around 4 percent of all motor vehicle crash-related fatalities (and 13 percent of serious injuries) in Ohio, that is still a significant number.

Not surprisingly, rear-end crashes are more common in urban areas like Toledo and Bowling Green, where there is more traffic congestion and thus more opportunity for inattentive drivers to run into one another. The Ohio DOT also reported that rear-end crashes tend to “peak” from Wednesday and Friday and between the hours of 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.

Where and Why Do Rear-End Accidents Occur?

Unlike other types of car accidents, most rear-end crashes do not occur at intersections. The Ohio DOT actually found that more than 58 percent of rear-end accidents took place at non-intersection locations such as freeways and interstates. The reason for this is actually quite simple: In heavy traffic cars have to make a lot of sudden stops, which in turn increase the risk of a rear-end accident.

The Ohio DOT also identified “driver inexperience” as the main cause of rear-end accidents. Indeed, drivers under the age of 25 accounted for more than 43 percent of all accidents. And in about a third of rear-end collisions, the driver’s error was following the vehicle in front of them too closely.

Is the Rear Driver Always at Fault?

This leads to a common legal myth surrounding rear-end accidents–namely, that they are “always” the following driver’s fault. Some people think that if they are in the front car, they can simply demand compensation from the rear driver. That is not how personal injury law works in Ohio.

The plaintiff in a car accident lawsuit always has the burden of proving the defendant was at fault. The defendant, in turn, may try to argue the plaintiff was at least partially responsible for the accident. This is known as comparative negligence or comparative fault. A jury ultimately hears all of the evidence and apportions fault.

Ohio follows a 51-percent comparative fault rule. This means that a plaintiff can only recover damages if he or she is deemed less than 51 percent responsible for the accident. You can still recover some damages even if the fault is 50/50, but any final award must be reduced by your share of the blame.

In the context of rear-end accidents, the trailing driver is often held responsible based on state traffic laws that require all drivers to maintain a safe distance between vehicles. And in fact, as the Ohio DOT noted, the most common cause of rear-end accidents is a driver following too closely, i.e. not maintaining a safe distance. Therefore it is often the case that the rear driver is legally responsible for the accident.

That said, there are also other scenarios where the driver of the front vehicle may be partially at-fault. For instance, if the front driver stopped suddenly for no apparent reason, or their brake lights were not functioning properly, that could render them liable rather than the rear driver. So could a case where the front driver signaled but did not a execute a turn.

There are also cases where more than two vehicles are involved in a rear-end accident. You often see this happen on the highway: Car A rear-ends Car B, and in turn Car B rear-ends Car C. In this situation it is possible any or all three of the drivers may be partially responsible. Car A, as the rearmost vehicle, may have “pushed” Car B into Car C, while at the same time, Car B was trailing too closely to Car C.

Because of the potential complexity of a rear-end accident, it is important to contact the police to get an official report. You should also, assuming you do not require immediate medical attention, take pictures at the scene, which can later help a judge or jury reconstruct what happened.

Understanding Whiplash Injuries

While rear-end accidents are less likely to produce the type of catastrophic injuries seen in side- and front-end collisions, that does not make such accidents any less serious. One of the most common injuries suffered in rear-end accidents is whiplash, which is actually a colloquial term for a certain type of neck sprains.

Whiplash occurs when a rear-end collision suddenly pushes the occupants of the front car forward. It takes a second for their head and neck to “catch up” with their bodies. This causes a hyperextension of the neck that mimics the cracking of a whip–hence the term “whiplash.”
Whiplash is often a deceptive injury. It is not solely a function of how fast the vehicles were traveling–in other words, it occurs in rear-end accidents that occur at relatively low speeds. You also may not experience the symptoms of whiplash. It may take a few hours or even several days.

Whiplash itself is often diagnosed as a “soft tissue” injury. That may not sound too bad, but such injuries can often produce chronic pain that lasts for months or years after the accident. In the short term, whiplash can produce a number of serious symptoms, including pain and stiffness in the neck, inability to move the neck fully, and in severe cases there may also be blurred vision, ringing in the ears, and memory problems.

Do You Need Advice Following a Rear-End Accident?

If you have been involved in a rear-end accident, it is important to speak with an experienced Toledo personal injury lawyer as soon as possible. It is critical to assess your legal options, as well as your potential liability for the accident. Even if you just need help sorting things out with the insurance company, Groth & Associates, Attorneys at Law, can help. Call our offices in Toledo or Bowling Green today if you need to schedule a consultation with one of our qualified Toledo car accident lawyers.


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